Breast cancer Signs symptoms and Prevention
Cancer is called a malignant disease because it is often not accompanied by external signs at its onset.
Therefore, we must always continuously detect the disease early and thus increase the rate of recovery up to 92 %. As for breast cancer, all women in the world are at risk of developing breast cancer, which ranks as the world's second most dangerous and deadly disease.
Definition of breast cancer
Cancer occurs as a result of the failure of the systemic process of cell division within the body, resulting in loss of control over reproduction and the division of cells that grow and multiply in an irregular manner where they can not be controlled. Cancer cells may then penetrate the surrounding tissues through the blood or blood vessels.
For the breast it consists of lobes and fibrous tissue, fat with muscle layers and rib bones at the base. Breast cancer affects the tissues of the breast and surrounding tissues, as well as the chest muscles that connect the breast to the ribs as well as the lymph nodes under the arm connected to the breast.
Causes of breast cancer
Breast cancer is spread among women over the age of 40, and it also affects young people and this is what we are currently observing where the disease began to spread significantly among women under the age of 30 because of the pollution we live now and eating unhealthy foods.
2. genetic factor
A woman whose mother, sister, or relative has previously had breast cancer is 2 to 4 times more likely to develop breast cancer. Having two or more female relatives with ovarian cancer also increases the risk of developing the disease.
3-getting sick beforehand
Women who have previously had the disease have an increased risk of developing cancer in the other breast within 20 years.
4-history of the menstrual cycle
The occurrence of menstruation early, i.e. before 12 years, as well as the delay of menopause beyond 55 years increases the risk of developing the disease.
5-pregnancy is late
Late age after 30 years or childlessness.
6-benign tumors in the breast
The risk of developing the disease increases in women who have previously had benign breast tumors, they are more likely to develop breast cancer.
7. excessive obesity
Lack of a good diet, intake of saturated fats, lack of regularity in sports, obesity, all increase the risk of breast cancer.
8. do not resort to breastfeeding
Breastfeeding Not only protects and nourishes your baby, but also ensures that you reduce the risk of breast cancer if you continue it for one and a half to two years.
You may know that smoking affects the heart, kidneys and lungs and may lead to death, it also increases the risk of breast cancer.
10-changes in the breast
The presence of abnormal changes in breast tissue such ASL HR H يؤدي H يؤدي leads to the possibility of developing the disease.
11-exposure to radiation therapy
The chest was subjected to radiation therapy by a R E.Triangle.
The use of some oral contraceptives leads to a slight increase in the risk of developing the disease.
13. environmental pollution
Exposure to environmental pollutants such as pesticides and internationally banned hormones used in agriculture such as pesticides and hormones.
Signs of breast cancer
1-breast that looks warm when touched, as high breast temperature is a symptom of inflammation of cancer, which is a serious and rare species.
2-Inverted or flat nipple or nipple shrinkage and the appearance of cracks or change in color.
3-the desire to knit the breast constantly.
4 - the presence of a lump in the breast and is usually painless and may be an external mass any prominent or visible and may be internal invisible but felt when pressing on the breast, so we advise you to conduct self-examination yourself every month to detect invisible tumors.
5-strange discharge from the nipple of the chest, whether bloody discharge or discharge not mixed with blood.
6-swollen lymph nodes under the armpit.
7-local pain in the breast sometimes, although malignant diseases are not accompanied by pain.
8-the appearance of blisters or a change in The Shape of the skin surrounding the nipple becomes like an orange peel, so women think that this is related to their excess fat.
9-breast swelling at normal times and not during the menstrual period.
10-breast redness or the appearance of red spots in the breast.
Specialists advise you to do a breast self-examination once a month about 5 days before the date of your period, but after menopause. If you are taking birth control pills, this should be done on the first day of taking these pills to make sure there are no changes in The Shape of the breast. This examination takes about 10 minutes and is very simple and easy to perform, a large number of young women believe that they do not need such an examination for their young age, and this is a misconception.
How to conduct self-examination
1-lie on your back, place a pillow under your right shoulder and then place your right hand under your head.
2-feel by the fingers of your left hand the right breast, continue to feel the breast with circular movements to make sure that there is no lump or lump down to the armpit. Be sure to adopt the same movement in every self-examination you experience.
3-Repeat the same process for the left breast using the right hand.
4-Repeat the same examination while standing, with one hand behind the shoulder during the examination of each breast, the sitting or standing position allows you to feel the breast more accurately.
5-stand in front of the mirror and press lightly on the nipple to make sure there is no discharge.
6-you can do the same examination while bathing, because soap makes it easier to detect tumors or any changes in the breast.
7-try to conduct breast self-examination monthly and at the same time.
Never forget to do a self-examination and if you suspect any changes in the breast that do not worsen, consult your doctor even if they seem simple to you to determine the appropriate method of detection, whether mammogram or X-ray. This is one of the most important screening methods that detect the disease by 100% or by ultrasound or by imaging the milk ducts in the breast, which is often used when there are foreign secretions issued from the nipple, or by magnetic resonance.